Ryazan Oblast

Ryazan Oblast
   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Ryazan Oblast is located in the Central Economic Region and Federal District. It has an area of 39,600 square kilometers and a population of 1.2 million, placing it in the lower midrange of Russia’s federal subjects in both categories. The region shares borders with Moscow Oblast, as well as Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Penza, Tambov, Lipetsk, Tula, and Mordoviya. Due to its proximity to Moscow, the region enjoys well-developed transportation links to other parts of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. One of Russia’s oldest towns, Ryazan (pop. 520,000) is home to Russia’s Higher Airborne Command academy, and a strategic air force base is found just outside the city at Dyagilevo.
   The region is well forested; the Oka River and Don tributaries are its major rivers. Much of the region was exposed to radiation during the Chernobyl disaster, though agriculture continues to be an important part of the regional economy, thus sustaining a rural-urban cleavage that has long characterized the oblast’s economic character. The area is heavily industrialized and enjoys a number of institutions of higher education. Principal industries include automotive, oil refining, electronics, agricultural equipment, glass, and petrochemicals. The economy has grown steadily in recent years, and the region has attracted more than 50 foreign investment projects; unemployment is not a major problem in the oblast.
   Reflecting the industrial-agrarian nature of the region, rural interests entered into a junior partnership with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF) in the 1990s, placing it squarely within the so-called Red Belt. The KPRF candidate, Gennady Merkulov, won the 1996 gubernatorial elections, after having secured dominance in the regional Duma the year before. Federal authorities, however, removed the KPRF candidate, replacing him with Igor Ivlev; Moscow’s man, however, was not able to fend off Vyacheslav Lyubimov, the KPRF candidate with strong backing from Gennady Zyuganov, who won the ensuing election. Lyubimov emerged as a staunch defender of Serbia in the late 1990s, advocating the country’s admission to the Russia-Belarus Union. In 2004, Lyubimov failed to advance to the runoff in the gubernatorial elections; he was replaced by former CommanderinChief of Russia’s Airborne Troops Georgy Shpak. The former general ran on the Rodina ticket defeating a pro-Kremlin candidate, becoming his party’s first regional governor. In 2008, Vladimir Putin put forth Oleg Kovalev as governor in March 2008. The region is a bastion of the Russian National Unity (RNU) party and other far right-wing organizations, and has been the site of attacks on Jews and other ethnic minorities.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ryazan Oblast — Federal subject of Russia EnNm=Ryazan Oblast RuNm=Рязанская область OfNm1= OfNm2= OfNm3= FS FSCoA= FlagLnk=Flag of Ryazan Oblast CoALnk=Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast FS FSCtrWhat=Administrative center FSCtrNm=Ryazan AreaRnk=58th TotArea=39,600… …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhaylov, Ryazan Oblast — For other uses, see Mikhaylov (disambiguation). Coordinates: 54°14′N 39°02′E / 54.233°N 39.033°E / 54.233; 39.033 …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhaylovsky District, Ryazan Oblast — (English) …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Ryazan Oblast — *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Ryazan (Рязань) (administrative center) *** city districts : ****Moskovsky (Московский) ****Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский) ****Sovetsky (Советский) ****Zheleznodorozhny (Железнодорожный) **Kasimov… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryazan — ( ru. Рязань IPA ru|rʲɪˈzanʲ) is a city in the Central Federal District of Russia, the administrative center of Ryazan Oblast. It is located on the Oka River 196 km south east of Moscow. Population: 521,560 (2002 Census); 514,638 (1989 Census).… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryazan miracle — The Ryazan miracle (or Ryazan affair) was a scandal resulting from a propaganda campaign in support of the Soviet planned economy and organised by the Communist Party Committee of Ryazan Oblast in 1959. It involved promising and then faking the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ryazan — /ree euh zahn , zan /; Russ. /rddyi zahn /, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SE of Moscow. 515,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Riazan, or R azan         , city and administrative centre of Ryazan oblast (province), western… …   Universalium

  • Ryazan — Riazan Riazan Рязань …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Óblast de Riazán — Bandera del Óblast de Riazán. Situación del Óblast de Riazán …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ryazan — noun a city in Russia, 196 kilometres south of Moscow, centre of Ryazan oblast …   Wiktionary